Bangladesh is Located in the north-eastern part of South Asia. The majestic Himalayas stand some distance to the north, while in the south lays the Bay of Bengal. West Bengal borders on the west and in the east lay the hilly and forested regions of Tripura, Mizoram (India) and Myanmar. These picturesque geographical boundaries frame a low lying plain of about 1,47,570 square kilometer, criss-crossed by innumerable rivers and streams. Mighty rivers are Padma (Ganges), Brahmaputra (Jamuna), Meghna and Karnafuli.
Bangladesh offers many tourist attractions, including archaeological sites, historical mosques and monuments, longest natural beach in the world, picturesque landscape, hill forests and wildlife, rolling tea gardens and tribes. The rich flora and fauna and colorful tribal life is very enchanting. Each part of the country offers distinctly different topography, flavors and delicacies. It is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger, freshwater pink dolphins, historical temples made of red earth.
Some of popular known tourist attractions are: Srimangal, where miles of tea gardens are located, Mainamati, Mahasthangarh, Paharpur for archaeology, Rangamati, Kaptai and Cox's Bazar for sightseeing, and the Sundarbans for wild life and the largest Mangrove forest of the world, and, Foy's Lake for scenic beauty. To know more about tourism of activities in Bangladesh, please visit http://parjatan.portal.gov.bd
About Bangladesh - Facts
Official Name: People's Republic of Bangladesh
Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays.
International Dialing Code: +880
Standard Time: BST (GMT +6 Hours)
Population: 150 million (2011 Census Report by BBS)
Literacy Rate: 60%
Bangla (national language) spoken by 95%
English is widely understood and spoken.
Muslims - 86.6%,
Hindus - 12.1%,
Buddhists - 0.6%,
0-14 years#33.8% (male 23,069,242#female 21,995,457)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 42,924,778; female 40,873,077)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 2,444,314; female 2,069,816)
Population Growth Rate: 1.59%
Birth Rate / 1000 : 25.12 births/1,000 population
Death Rate / 1000 : 8.47 deaths/1,000 population
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.18 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female
Fertility Rate: 2.72 children born/woman
Other indigenous minority (2%) including Chakmas, Marmas, Santals, Garos, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya.
Latitude between 20°34' and 26°38' North
Longitude between 88°01' and 92°41' East
Area: 147,570 sq. km. (land: 133,910 sq km, water: 10,090 sq km)
North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)
West - India (West Bengal)
East - India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar
South-Bay of Bengal.
Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km)
Coastline: 580 km
Contiguous zone: 18 nm
Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Terrain: Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
7 Divisions - Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.
Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon
Winter 11° C - 20° C (October - February)
Summer 21° C - 38° C (March - September)
Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June - August)
Highest 99% (July)
Lowest 36% (December & January)
Recognitions: Bangladesh is one of the members of the Developing 8 and considered as the Next Eleven Economy of the world in 20 coined by Goldman Sachs.
GDP: $1,044 (per capita in 2013)
Poverty Level: 25% (People living with $2 per day)
Foreign Grant Dependency: 2%
Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.
Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.
Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, etc.
Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.
Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.
Electricity: 220 Volts AC in all cities and towns
Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳)
1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and
# 50,25,10,5,1 in coins.
Male: 40 million
Female: 14 million
Distribution of Labor:
Agriculture: 48.4 percent
Industry: 24.3 percent
Others: 27.3 percent
Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail,) Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli, and Mongla.
Independence Day: 26th March
Victory Day: 16th December
Martyr's Day: 21st February (Also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)
Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.
Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox's Bazar
To know more details, please Visit http://parjatan.portal.gov.bd
Information Technology (IT)
- Country Domain: .bd
- Internet Penetration: 23.38% of the population
- Mobile Users: 76.434 million (June 2011 and 15th largest in the world)
- Mobile Penetration: 72.08% of the population
Global Ranks of Bangladesh
- 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
- 4th largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population and 3rd largest Muslim majority country
- 4th most densely populated country and the most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million population
- Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world (Ref)
- Cox’s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world
- 2nd largest garments exporter in the world (Ref)
- Largest producer of Jute (2nd largely grown vegetable fiber in the world)
- Sundarbans (hosted by both Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world
Codes of Bangladesh
Telephone Dialing Codes
International Dialing Code of Bangladesh: +880
Nation Wide Dialing (NWD)
Postal Codes (ZIP Codes)
Postal Codes of Bangladesh: http://www.bangladeshpost.gov.bd/PostCode.asp
Geo Codes of Bangladesh: http://www.bbs.gov.bd/RptGeoCode.aspx
Achievements of Bangladesh
Though small and still developing, Bangladesh has attained international recognition for its achievement of positive changes in both social and economic indicators. In terms of Millennium Development Goals, Bangladesh has achieved remarkable progress in the areas of primary schooling, lowering the infant and under-five mortality rate and overall poverty reduction. Nobel laureate Professor Amartya Kumar Sen remarked that Bangladesh has astonished the world with the level of progress it has achieved in certain areas, especially in education, women’s empowerment, reducing birth and maternal and infant mortality rates, health care and sanitation facilities for marginalised people and immunisation coverage among children.
Achievement in Education
Some of the effective initiatives undertaken by the government of Bangladesh in order to attain universal education include- distribution of free textbooks among 100 per cent students and introduction of scholarship schemes from primary to secondary levels to encourage female participation. The present government has nationalised 26,193 primary schools and a large number of teachers’ jobs. The enrollment rate in primary schools has jumped from 61% in 1990 to 92% at present. The Education Assistance Trust Act, 2012 has been passed and the Education Assistance Trust established to support underprivileged meritorious students.
Achievement in health
Bangladesh has made its mark in the global arena through remarkable progress in child immunisation. The National Health Policy-2011 has been implemented to modernise the health sector. 12, 217 community clinics have been established to reach quality healthcare at the grassroots level. 275 Upazila Health Complex have been upgraded to 50-bed. 2000 new beds have been added to medical colleges and district hospitals. Maternal and infant mortality rates have been slashed by a great extent. Infant mortality has dropped from 149 in 1990 to only 54 at present. Four new medical colleges have been established and over 40,000 manpower recruited to take healthcare services to citizens’ doorsteps.
Achievement in women and children affairs
In the light of fundamental rights of women recognized in the Constitution the National Women Development Policy 2011 has been approved. Several scholarship schemes have been introduced from primary to secondary levels to encourage female education. A wide range of multi-faceted measures have been initiated to ensure women’s equal participation at all social tiers. In order to facilitate women’s participation in the world of technology, one woman entrepreneur has been appointed at every Union Information Service Centres (UISC). A National Children Policy 2011 has been adopted to protect children’s rights. One stop crisis cells have been set up in 40 district sadar hospitals and 20 upazila health complexes. 6 child development centres have been established to rehabilitate street children. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been awarded the prestigious South-South Award for her outstanding contribution towards improving the state of women and children.
Achievements in women empowerment
With a cultural past of worst women deprivation, Bangladesh came a long way in empowering women in a great way. Bangladesh is now the 2nd largest manufacturer and exporter of garments and apparels. And majority of the garments workers are women. Microcredit has flourished the rural economy in a great way in empowering women in Bangladesh. More than 80% of the microcredit beneficiaries are women. Women entrepreneurship is highly encouraged in Bangladesh. Gender equality is also one of the prime concerns of the government. Bangladesh is an exceptionin the global trend where the Prime Minister (head of the government), head of the opposition, and the Speaker of the Parliament are females.
Digital Bangladesh Revolution
The government of Bangladesh has undertaken revolutionary measures in order to materialize the vision of a Digital Bangladesh. One-stop information and services kiosks Union Information Service Centres (UISC), have been set up in 4500+ Union Parishads. All the upazilas of the country have been brought under internet connectivity through the world’s largest National Web Portal. Due to the adoption of favourable telecommunication policies, the total number of mobile phone and internet users stand at 11.1 million and 36 million respectively. e-payment and mobile banking facilities have been initiated to make service delivery transparent and easy. Electronic government procurement mechanism (e-GP) has been institutionalised. The process of bringing the third generation (3G) mobile technology to customers have been initiated.
Food security and success in agriculture
Bangladesh has been the focus of global discourse time and again for some remarkable achievements in the agriculture sector. Even with a population of 115 million, Bangladesh has managed to achieve comprehensive food security. In the past few years rice production has increased to 5 million metric tons. With direct patronage from the Prime Minister and the Agriculture Minister, Bangladeshi scientist Dr. Maksudul Alam has decoded the genome sequence of jute fibre. Out of the 17 genome sequences that have been decoded globally, Dr. Maksud has decoded 3 of them. His remarkable achievement is a pride for the entire nation.
Achievements in migration
Currently, 8.6 million Bangladeshi labors are working in 157 countries. Bangladesh has shown outstanding achievements in expatriating labors in various countries. Branches of Expatriates Welfare Bank has been established in the divisional cities of Bangladesh. In 2013, approximately Taka 1.425 million has been sanctioned as loan with nominal interest. Registration of foreign job-seekers has been ensured at grassroot level through ICT, which ensured participation from remote areas as well. The need for middlemen has been abolished and many labors had the opportunity to travel for job to Malaysia without any harassment under a government-to-government arrangment.
Bangladesh in UN Peacekeeping Mission
Since joining UN peacekeeping mission in 1988, the Bangladesh Army has effectively and successfully conducted 63 peace missions in 38 countries. Bangladesh ranks top among the 115 countries that participate in UN peace missions and has been praised by the UN for it's proactive role in conflict-prove regions.
Achievements in power sector
One of the important achievements in the power sector has been the generation of 3, 845 MW of additional electricity to the national grid. This has increased electricity beneficiary coverage from 47% to 60%. The per capita electricity production also increased from 220 kwh to 292 kwh. New power connections have been provided to 3 million consumers. 54 new power plants have also been constructed.
Achievements in industry and commerce
Bangladesh advanced in accommodation, ship building, pharmaceuticals, and processes food export sectors alongside the major Garments sector. The list of commodities exported from Bangladesh now includes ships, pharmaceuticals, alongside processed and frozen foods. Bangladesh now has a fast growing IT industry, export of which exceeded $100 million in the fiscal year of 2012-2013.
Achievements in Social Security Sector
Bangladesh has increased the amount and scope for various social security allowance, which is targeted for poor, distressed, and vulnerable citizens including: senior citizens, widows, abandoned wives, distressed women, poor handicapped citizens, pregnant women, etc. Total allocation in this sector during 2008-2009 was 138.45 billion, but in recent years the allocation increased to 2,275 billion. In a survey in 2010, it was found that 24.5% of the population has been brought under social security allowance.
Achievement in land management
The government has undertaken an initiative to computerise the Mouza maps and bhumi khatians in 55 districts with the aim to modernise land management system. Upazila-wise Digital Land Zoning Maps have been prepared for 152 upazilas. Draft “Land Use and Management Law” has been prepared, which will be finalized very soon. An electrmic land recovd system has been implemented which is set to trams from the traditional land managment system.
Success in countering economic downturn
At a time when the global economy was reeling from the effects of economic recession, Bangladesh government, through the use of various incentive packages, has not only managed to stave off economic downturn but also succeeded in maintaining GDP growth rate above 6%. In stark contrast to global economic crisis, Bangladesh recorded an increase in the rate of both import and export and the volume of foreign remittance. Bangladesh has earned the equivalent status of the Philippines, Indonesia and Vietnam in terms of loan repayments